The Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) is an intergovernmental organization that brings together five Member States: the Union of the Comoros, France on behalf of Reunion, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles. Created by the Port Louis Declaration in 1982, the IOC was institutionalized in Seychelles in 1984 by the General Agreement on Cooperation, better known as the “Victoria Agreement”.
The only regional organization in Africa composed exclusively of islands, it defends the specificities of its Member States on the continental and international scenes. With the active support of a dozen international partners, the IOC gives substance to regional solidarity through cooperation projects covering a wide range of sectors: preservation of ecosystems, sustainable management of natural resources, maritime safety, entrepreneurship, public health, renewable energy and culture.
While taking care to respect the principles of coordination, complementarity and subsidiarity, the IOC assumes a role of accompaniment, or even impetus, in areas where its Member States need specific support and where collective action constitutes an added value.