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Sustainable Management of Coastal Resources and the Environment
This aspect of ReCoMaP's programme involves a very diverse range of activities and is the second largest result area in terms of funding (after the CFP result area). At the level of information provision, ReCoMaP supports WIO governments as well as international and local NGOs and CBOs in activities that will improve the collection and analysis of data. These data will contribute to understanding the status of marine ecosystems and on the nature of the interactions between resource users. The programme also provides financial and technical support to the implementation of coastal resource management initiatives.

ReCoMaP is also supporting the provision and dissemination of a range of tools, including GIS, for the monitoring, assessment and management of coastal resources and resource users.

ReCoMaP has also initiated activities related to reducing the direct physical impacts of urban and tourism development on the coastal environment. More specifically, the programme is supporting activities to ameliorate the worst impacts of coastal erosion and poor waste management.

A substantial proportion of the total Result 1 budget has been ear-marked for support to the improved management effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). ReCoMaP is delivering this support through a competitive grants for individual projects valued up to Euro75,000 and through support to regional-scale training and certification opportunities for MPA practitioners.

Many thousands of coastal communities in the WIO are dependent on coastal resources for their livelihoods. No ICZM programme could be complete without providing opportunities for the diversification of livelihoods. ReCoMaP provides direct support to both government and non-state actors (through the Call for Proposals) to develop sustainable mariculture and sustainable coastal tourism projects.
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Monitoring & Assessment of Coastal Resources and Resource-use
ReCoMaP works to assist governments, and their partner NGOs, to put in place sustainable systems to monitor and assess coastal resource-use. This section presents an overview of activities we are directly supporting through national government organisations and similar projects that we have funded through our non-state actor Call for Proposals.

Direct Programme Support Activities

Regional Assessment Missions:

IOC Countries: Review of the Western Indian Ocean Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRMN-WIO) (June 2007)

Regional Activities:

Kenya & Tanzania : Support to the Socio-economic Monitoring programme of the Western Indian Ocean (SOCMON-WIO) (2008-09) >> CORDIO.

National Activities:

Madagascar: Review of national fisheries information systems (July 2008)

Madagascar: Study of Vezo fishers migration on West coast of Madagascar (April/June 2009)

Kenya: Co-Management Fisheries Information planning forum (March 2009) - The Executive Summary

Tanzania: Co-Management Fisheries Information planning workshop (December 2008)

Tanzania: Support towards a modified data collection system for co-management in the Rufiji/Mafia/Kilwa Districts of Tanzania (2009-2010)

Seychelles: Building capacity for the sustainable management of small-scale fisheries in Seychelles through integration and rehabilitation of fisheries monitoring systems (January 2009)
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Management for Sustainable Coastal Resource Use
In addition to support for monitoring and assessment of coastal resource use, we also provide support to resource management planning. This support is delivered through both direct programme funding and through our Call for Proposals for non-state actors. This section provides examples of our support for management initiatives and links to relevant resource management projects funded through our CFP.

Direct Programme Support Activities
National Activities:

Kenya: Support to the development of the Ungwana Bay Prawn Management Plan (2008-09).

Madagascar: Support for octopus resource management in South West Madagascar.

Rodrigues: Support for octopus resource management in Rodrigues.
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Monitoring, Assessment & Management Tools
At the same time as supporting the application of methodologies and tools, ReCoMaP also supports their development and/or their dissemination.
Direct Programme Support Activities
 
Regional Assessment Missions:

WIO: Assessment of GIS capacity needs for coastal zone management (September 2007)

National Activities:

GIS sub-committees or working groups have been established under some of the national ICZM Committees to define country specific GIS action
 
Training:

Coral Reef Monitoring Database (CoReMo 3) training workshop for IOC countries, namely Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Comoros (May 2008).

GIS Training in Rodrigues: ReCoMaP is funding an Introduction to GIS Training course for 7 participants in Rodrigues. The participants are drawn from various departments of the RRA as well as the local NGO, Shoals Rodrigues. The course is being delivered by Mr Sharveen Persand, a Mauritian GIS consultant as part of a two-phase GIS capacity-building initiative being delivered by ReCoMaP and UNDP Mauritius. The first part of the course took place the 9th-13th November 2009. The second, more advanced, part will take place later in January 2010 under the funding support of UNDP.

The ReCoMaP funding also extends to the purchase of GIS software licences, computer and GPS hardware, satellite image processing software and support for field-based satellite image ground-truthing activities.

Dissemination:

CORDIO Socio-economic Monitoring (SocMon-WIO) Manuals (2008)

Miscellaneous:

Various stakeholders have been supported to attend training and capacity-building events in the region including WIOMSA scientific symposium, MASMA study workshops etc.

Support to Participants to attend JRC Ocean Colour Remote Sensing Courses (2007 & 2009)
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Management of Human Impacts on the Coastal Environment
The coasts of most countries of the WIO are typically areas that have seen rapid development of urban centres, associated trade infrastructure as well as sometimes extensive tourism facilities. In many situations, best practice waste management systems have not been established to minimise environmental stress. ReCoMaP therefore includes in its portfolio of activities support for improving waste management in the coastal zone. Similarly, some agricultural practices and coastal economic development projects can cause, or exacerbate, upland and coastal erosion. ReCoMaP also supports a number of initiatives to address these issues. This section provides information on some of the key activities that we have undertaken to manage human impacts on the coastal environment.

Direct Programme Support Activities

Regional Assessment Missions:

WIO: Review of the Solid Waste Management in the Coastal Zone (October 2007-July 2007)

WIO: Production of English and French-language Practical Guidelines for Solid Waste Management in the Coastal Zone (December 2008)

National Activities:

Comoros: Evaluation of Coastal Erosion in Comoros and propositions for coordinated interventions (February 2008) - in French only

Madagascar: National Workshop on Solid Waste Management Guidelines (December 2008)

Comoros: National Workshop on Solid Waste Management Guidelines (January 2009)

N.B. The remaining ReCoMaP partner countries will hold national workshops in 2009
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Competitive Grants for Marine Protected Area (MPA) Management
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are one of the key management approaches for the conservation of coastal biodiversity, and the natural resources that are so important to coastal livelihoods.

In the WIO the number of national MPAs, as well as local, community-based management areas, continues to expand and their effectiveness continues to improve.

ReCoMaP’s original design identified MPAs as a key component of the strategy towards improved management of coastal resources. This design included explicit linkages between ReCoMaP and another IOC-managed programme, the Regional Marine Protected Areas project (IOC/FFEM/WWF). A substantial component of the ReCoMaP budget was ear-marked solely for MPA support.

ReCoMap's principle contribution to MPA Management will be through a competitive Call for Proposals (CFP), which was launched on the 15th of November, 2008 with an allocation of €750, 000. The target beneficiaries of the MPA CFP, unlike our non-state actors equivalent (NSA CFP),  are nationally gazetted MPAs, managed by national MPA agencies. Local and international NGOs that collaborate with the national MPA Agencies in the implementation of activities are also eligible to apply.

ReCoMaP received 24 applications to the MPA CFP. A rigourous and transparent review process was undertaken following EU guidelines and regulations, after which 10 applicants were chosen  to receive awards. These 10 organisations represent all our partner countries and both government and NGO organisations. They will benefit from individual project awards of between €25,000 and €75,000, which are valid for a maximum of 2 years.
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Marine Protected Area (MPA) Capacity Building

In addition to ReCoMaP's MPA CFP, we also have resources to support MPAs in other ways; through capacity-building, information dissemination, MPA networks and regional-scale planning.
 

Many aspects of ReCoMaP's work in the arena of capacity-building are still in the development phase, but we are already engaged in some important activities, in particular our contributory support to the WIO-COMPAS Certification Programme.

Direct Programme Support Activities

Regional Support:

ReCoMaP has awarded WIOMSA 64,000 Direct Award in support of the innovative WIO-COMPAS Certification Programme.

Regional Programme Collaboration:

RAMP-COI Programme: Co-financing of an Eco-regional Analysis Workshop April 2009.

Dissemination:

French translation and Publication of IUCN's. A workbook for Assessing Management Effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas in the Western Indian Ocean in September 2007.

Future Plans:

ReCoMaP is working with partners to develop other capacity-building initiatives for MPAs.
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Diversification of Livelihoods in the Coastal Zone

ReCoMaP supports livelihood diversification primarily through the programme’s Call for Proposals for non-state actors. However, this mechanism is not universally suitable and direct support to government initiatives is sometimes necessary. This is particularly the case when it comes to policy and strategy development related to livelihood diversification. In these cases ReCoMaP provides direct support through technical assistance to the relevant organisation.

This webpage presents some of our major contributions to policy and strategy development as well as links to the livelihood projects we have funded under our Call for Proposals.

Direct Programme Support Activities

Ecotourism:

WIO: Assessment of Local and National Potential for Development of Coastal Ecotourism (November 2007) Assessment of Local and National Potential for Development of Coastal Ecotourism (November 2007)

WIO: Strategic Environmental Assessment of Coastal Ecotourism at National and Regional Levels (November 2007) Strategic Environmental Assessment of Coastal Ecotourism at National and Regional Levels (November 2007)

Mauritius: Masterplan for Sustainable Tourism in Mauritius (2007-2008)

Mariculture:

WIO: Assessment of Small-Scale Mariculture Potential (October 2007) Assessment of Small-Scale Mariculture Potential (October 2007)

Rodrigues: Co-financing (with UNDP) of a Workshop on Evaluating the Opportunities for Mariculture Development (May 2008)

Madagascar: Socioeconomic study of the feasibility of sea cucumber farming in the South of Madagascar (December 2008) Etude de faisabilité socio-économique du grossissement des bêches de mer dans le Sud malgache (décembre 2008) - available in French only

Kenya: Development of seaweed farming in Kenya (2008-2009)

Mauritius: Opportunities for cage farming of Ombrine/Red Drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) in South-East Mauritius (January 2009) Opportunities for cage farming of Ombrine/Red Drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) in South-East Mauritius (January 2009)

Seychelles: Towards a Masterplan for Mariculture in Seychelles (January-February 2009)
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